Clean and Unclean Foods In The Bible: Does Leviticus 11 Still Apply?

February 15, 2022

clean and unclean foods in the bible

Imagine if you could sit down with God and have Him explain, in detail, exactly what you should be eating – and not eating – in order to enjoy abundant health. 

Wouldn’t that be amazing?

You wouldn’t have any confusion about your diet. You would approach each meal with joy and confidence, knowing you are truly nourishing and nurturing your body the way God intended.

What more, you would know that you were stewarding your body well unto the Lord, and would feel healthy, fit, and energetic as a result, operating exactly the way God made you to.

Does it sound too good to be true?

Guess what?

It isn’t!

In fact, Scripture is full of just this type of conversation, weaving and threading through each verse and every chapter of the Bible. 

And that’s what I’ll be showing you in today’s article.

We’ll look at:

  • What Biblically clean foods to eat

  • What foods the Bible says you should not eat – and why

  • The most powerful, health-giving foods the Bible talks about, and how eating them every day can bless your health and kickstart a Bible-based health plan.

Let’s dive in!

What Are Clean And Unclean Foods In The Bible?

what are clean and unclean foods

Clean and unclean foods scriptures are found throughout the Bible, and range from brief mentions (Ezekiel 4:9, Proverbs 24:13) to broad and detailed lists of clean, healthy foods and harmful, unclean foods (Leviticus 11, Deuteronomy 14). 

For instance:

In the beginning of Genesis, we learn that God created every plant yielding seed and every tree yielding fruit to be “clean” food (Gen. 1:29-30).

We see the conversation continue in Genesis 9:3 (post-flood), where God explained that everything that lived and moved about was to be food for us (Gen. 9:3). 

He also graciously clarified the exception to that, which was meat that still possessed lifeblood – or living animals – as their life is existent in their blood.

And in Leviticus 11, He gave us ultimate clarity on what is considered clean when it comes to animals, fish, and even insects:

  • You may eat any animal that has a split hoof completely divided and that chews the cud.

  • “Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams, you may eat any that have fins and scales.

  • “Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket, or grasshopper.” (Lev. 11:3, 9, 22)

And He didn’t stop there.

What Food Did God Intend You To Eat?

what food did god intend you to eat

Scripture is positively bursting with examples of exactly what foods are clean, safe, and wholesome for us to eat… and what foods aren’t. 

For instance, in reading the Bible we find that men and women throughout ate a mostly plant-based diet with plenty of herbs, lentils, beans, wheat, barley, fruits, and vegetables (2 Samuel 17:28-29, Ezekiel 4:9, 2 Samuel 16:1).

They also ate fish (those with fins and scales), nuts, and natural oils. (Matthew 14:19, Deuteronomy 8:8, Genesis 43:11)

Raw honey was their natural source of sugar (Proverbs 24:13). They made their oil from the fruit of olive trees. And we see rich, healthful foods mentioned like figs, pomegranates, and dates. (1 Samuel 30:12). 

They also ate meat. But because God had specified that they were only to eat cud-chewing animals with split hooves (Leviticus 11:3, Deuteronomy 14:6), they only consumed meat such as:

  • Sheep (lamb, mutton)

  • Cattle (beef) 

  • Goat

  • Deer

  • Bison

  • Gazelle

  • Ibex

  • Antelope

Turkey, chicken, and pheasants were considered clean as well since they aren’t found on the list of unclean foods – plus, we read how the Israelites ate quail in the desert (Exodus 16:13) – so we can conclude that people in the Bible ate them, too.

All these foods together created what we like to call the Bible diet – wholesome, nutritious, clean foods, created by God for you to enjoy and nurture your health with. 

In fact, the more you learn about eating according to God’s plan for health, the more you will see that food does more than just nourish your physical body:

It impacts all areas of your life, including emotionally, spiritually, and mentally. (For a deep-dive Bible study on this very concept, click here.) 

But just as God tells us what foods are good and safe to eat, He also shows us which aren’t:

What Foods Are Unclean That The Bible Says Not To Eat?

what foods are unclean

If we open up the Bible back to Leviticus, even a quick glance at chapter 11 makes it abundantly clear that not all food was created equal.

Many of the animals that God described as “unclean” were and continue to be exactly that: unclean or unfit for human consumption.


Well, take the scavenger animals for an example.

As many of us know, animals like lobsters and crabs are known as bottom dwellers. 

They scavenge for dead animals along the ocean floor. 

And shellfish such as mussels, oysters, and clams (all named as unclean fish in the Bible) consume dead, decaying matter as well as any sewage that sinks down to the ocean floor. 

From these animals alone – which are on God’s list of forbidden foods in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 – we get a clear picture of why God didn’t intend us to eat them.

Here are a few more.

Unclean animals in the Bible:

  • Pig

  • Camel

  • Rabbit

  • Shellfish

  • Eagle

  • Vulture

  • Falcon

  • Raven

  • Owl

  • Hawk

  • Bat

  • Lizard

  • Rat

It’s quite an eye-opening list, isn’t it?

But why did God have to call them unclean? 

Why Did God Forbid Certain Foods In The Bible?

why did god forbid certain foods in the bible

The truth?

While God didn’t give us a word-by-word explanation as to why He called these animals unclean, rest assured: He had a good reason for it!

In fact, we know now that these animals do actually carry diseases and consume unclean diets themselves.

And in eating these “unclean” foods, you are eating everything that they consumed… from sewage to carcases to decaying matter. 

Crazy, right?

This does in fact have an effect on the body and it can inhibit the abundant physical life that God intended you to have. 

And that’s why He said to avoid them!

He’s that good of a Father and that good of a Lord. 

And His goodness doesn’t stop there.

Remember how I said that Scripture is bursting with examples of clean, safe, wholesome foods to eat? 

Let’s discover some more of them!

15 Clean Foods To Eat Every Day

clean foods to eat

To get started, here’s a list of some of the most powerful, health-giving foods the Bible mentions. 

These are all clean foods, and can be eaten every day to ensure your body is getting all the necessary nutrients it needs. 

Check them out:

  • Figs

  • Dates

  • Olives

  • Pomegranates

  • Grapes

  • Bread 

  • Cruciferous vegetables

  • Nuts

  • Fish oils

  • Lentils

  • Leafy greens

  • Apples

  • Pumpkin seeds

  • Fish oils

  • Berries

Unsurprisingly, each and every one of these foods are packed full of vital nutrients, minerals, and vitamins.

The health benefits of clean Biblical power foods

For example, figs are a powerful source of fiber, magnesium, vitamin K, calcium, and potassium. They also have potent anticancer and antioxidant properties!

And dates – which people in Bible times made into honey – is a great natural sweetener. Use it instead of traditional sugar in things like cakes and smoothies. They are a rich source of vitamin C, B vitamins, potassium, zinc, phosphorus, and calcium as well.

Olives – a symbol of peace and God’s love for His people – are one of those magnificent foods the Bible talks about left and right, and one that has amazing health benefits to boot! They are natural antihistamines and help neutralize free radicals as well.

Bread too has a powerful background in the Bible and we find it mentioned all over Scripture. In fact, when the Lord visited Abraham in Genesis 18, bread was among the foods that Abraham served Him to eat!

Amazing, right?

And wheat berries, from which bread is made, is an incredible source of minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins, including zinc, manganese, iron, phytic acid, vitamin E, and more. 

I know, it almost sounds too good to be true. But you know what? 

These are only a few of the ways that eating foods according to God’s Word can bless your health and get you on God’s health plan.

In fact, the more you learn about the foods God meant for us to eat, the more amazed you’ll be at our wonderful Father.

He truly has provided all we need to experience abundant health!

Getting On A Biblical-Based Health Plan

biblical based health plan

So, how do you get on God’s health plan?

It’s simple. 

You pattern all aspects of your life according to His ways and His Word.

And yes, that includes the foods you eat!

This means studying why God called certain foods unclean, and learning which ones He intended mankind to eat and enjoying those instead!

You can get started in a free Biblical-health crash course by clicking here.


Let the Bible be your blueprint in discovering God’s heart toward His children and the infinite care He has for every part of our lives, my friend. Diet included!

Remember David’s timeless declaration: “Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path.” (Psalm 119:105)

May it’s illumination guide you into abundant health!

  • i, myself, personally don’t believe chickens are clean. of course they didn’t exist when God told us what is clean and unclean. chickens will eat dead stuff and they will run down and eat mice, frogs, small snakes, ect. that is my opinion. i think most make great pets. but, i don’t eat them.

  • {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}
    biblical nutrition academy

    Online Courses

    God Loves You